SURVEILLANCE DATA ON BACTERIAL ENTEROCOLITIS IN BULGARIA FOR 2014-2018

  • Maria Pavlova National Centre of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases
  • V. Velev University Hospital for Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Sofia, Medical University Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Miroslav Karageorgiev National Centre of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases
  • Ekaterina Alexandrova National Centre of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases
  • E. Kamenov National Centre of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases
  • Prof. Todor Kantardjiev, MD National Centre of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases
Keywords: enterocolitis, Salmonella spp., E. coli, Campylobacter spp., Shigella spp.

Abstract

Worldwide, 30% of cases of infectious diarrhoea are caused by bacterial pathogens. As in other countries of the European Union, in Bulgaria the most common etiological agents are Escherichia coli (STEC), Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., Campylobacter spp. and Yersinia enterocolitica. Acute gastroenteritis and enterocolitis infections are most common in young children. According to our survey, the leading pathogens for 2014-2018 are Salmonella spp., E. coli (EPEC, ETEC) and Campylobacter spp. The rate of infections caused by Shigella spp. is relatively high compared to other European countries.

The number of enterocolitis cases of undefined aetiology continues to increase because of the neglect towards diarrhoeal syndrome by patients who rarely visit a doctor or do not seek medical attention at all.

Author Biographies

Maria Pavlova, National Centre of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases

NRL of Enteric Pathogens

V. Velev, University Hospital for Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Sofia, Medical University Sofia, Bulgaria

NRL of Enteric Pathogens

Miroslav Karageorgiev, National Centre of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases

NRL of Enteric Pathogens

Ekaterina Alexandrova, National Centre of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases

NRL of Enteric Pathogens

Prof. Todor Kantardjiev, MD, National Centre of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases

Director of National Centre of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases

National Microbiology Consultant

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Published
2019-12-30
How to Cite
Pavlova, M., Velev, V., Karageorgiev, M., Alexandrova, E., Kamenov, E., & Kantardjiev, T. (2019). SURVEILLANCE DATA ON BACTERIAL ENTEROCOLITIS IN BULGARIA FOR 2014-2018. Problems of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, 47(2), 28-33. Retrieved from http://pipd.ncipd.org/index.php/pipd/article/view/47_2_7_SURVEILLANCE_DATA_ON_BACTERIAL_ENTEROCOLITIS_IN_BULGARIA_FOR_2014-2018
Section
Articles

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