Skin reactions to allergens from processionary caterpillars (genus Thaumetopoea)

Authors

  • Georgi Nikolov NCIPD
  • Yana Kandova Bul Bio NCIPD
  • Bogdan Petrunov National Centre of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases
  • Plamen Mirchev Bulgarian academy of sciences, Forest Research Institute
  • Georgi Georgiev Bulgarian academy of sciences, Forest Research Institute

Keywords:

Thaumetopoea pityocampa, Thaumetopoea processionea, Thaumetopoea solitaria, IgE-mediated allergy, skin prick tests

Abstract

Background: Moths of the genus Thaumetopoea are widespread pests in the coniferous and deciduous forests in Bulgaria. Contact with the caterpillars, larval form of different Thaumetopoea species, causes a series of complaints in humans: mainly contact dermatitis (erucism), but also IgE-mediated allergic reactions.

The aim of the present pilot study is to investigate the skin reaction after prick tests with allergens from different Thaumetopoea species in a group of people who have frequent contacts with the processionary caterpillars.

Material and methods: A group of 42 subjects were surveyed - 37 men and 5 women between the ages of 18 and 87. Specific sensitization to caterpillars of three Thaumetopoea species: Thaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary); Thaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary) and Thaumetopoea solitaria (pistachio processionary) was assessed by allergy skin prick tests (SPT) with specially designed caterpillar allergens.

Results: Positive allergy skin tests to one or more caterpillar’s allergens were measured in 18 (43%) participants. A simultaneous test with the three allergens from the different Thaumetopoea species showed that in 5 (31%) of the cases, skin hypersensitivity only to allergen from T. pityocampa was present. Monosensitization to T. processionea observed in 2 (12%). The rest 9 (57%) participants with positive skin test show different profiles of polysensitization to Thaumetopoea allergens under study.

Conclusions: The evaluation of skin reactivity after SPT with different caterpillar’s allergens outlined the important role of processionary allergens, especially this from T. pityocampa, in the development of IgE-mediated allergic complaints in different groups of forestry professionals. In view of these results, it seems that IgE-mediated hypersensitivity allergic reactions to Thaumetopoea caterpillars are at least as important as those with no allergic mechanism.

References

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Published

2020-10-15

How to Cite

Nikolov, G., Kandova, Y., Petrunov, B., Mirchev, P., & Georgiev, G. (2020). Skin reactions to allergens from processionary caterpillars (genus Thaumetopoea). PROBLEMS of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, 48(2), 15-20. Retrieved from https://pipd.ncipd.org/index.php/pipd/article/view/48-2-3_skin_reactions_to_allergens

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