DYNAMICS OF THE ETIOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF SALMONELLOSIS IN BULGARIA AND SENSITIVITY TO ANTI‐BACTERIAL AGENTS FOR THE PERIOD 2016 – 2019
Keywords:salmonellosis, serotype, salmonella, salmonella, antibiotic susceptibility
Background. In recent years, some features of salmonellosis have been noted: an increase in morbidity all around the world, which is accompanied by an increase in the number of isolated serotypes from humans, animals and food; an increase in sporadic diseases and multi-countries Salmonella outbreaks.
Material and methods. For the period 2016 - 2019 in the National Reference Laboratory for Enteric Infections, Pathogenic Cocci and Diphtheria 2 696 Salmonella isolates from all over the country have been confirmed. All of the strains were epidemiologically and microbiologically examined, and tested for antimicrobial resistance.
Results. Salmonellosis is caused by several dominant for Bulgaria serotypes - is for S.Enteritidis and S.Typhimurium take the leading place, followed by Salmonella 1,2,5,12: i: -, Infantis, Paratyphi B Java, Kottbus, Corvallis, Derby, Dublin.
Conclusions. Given the widespread transfer of Salmonella through the exchange of food and animals, and international tourism, the microbial landscape of salmonellosis is becoming more diverse, though the leadership of S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium has been maintained in the recent years, both worldwide and Bulgaria.
Fernando J. Bula-Rudas, et.al. Salmonella Infections in Childhood. Advances in Pediatrics 62 (2015) 29–58.
Siddiqui FJ, Rabbani F, Hasan R, Nizami SQ, Bhutta ZA. Typhoid fever in children: some epidemiological considerations from Karachi, Pakistan. Int J Infect Dis. 2006;10(3):215‐222. DOI:10.1016/j.ijid.2005.03.010
Msefula CL, Olgemoeller F, Jambo N, et al. Ascertaining the burden of invasive Salmonella disease in hospitalised febrile children aged under four years in Blantyre, Malawi. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2019;13(7):e0007539. Published 2019 Jul 17. DOI:10.1371/journal.pntd.0007539
Ferrari RG, Rosario DKA, Cunha-Neto A, Mano SB, Figueiredo EES, Conte-Junior CA. Worldwide Epidemiology of Salmonella Serovars in Animal-Based Foods: a Meta-analysis. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2019;85(14):e00591-19. Published 2019 Jul 1. DOI:10.1128/AEM.00591-19
Onwuezobe IA, Oshun PO, Odigwe CC. Antimicrobials for treating symptomatic nontyphoidal Salmonella infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012;(11):CD001167.
Committee on Infectious Diseases. Salmonella infections. In: Pickering L, Baker C, Kimberlin D, et al, editors. Red book: 2012 report of the committee on infectious diseases. 29th edition. Elkgrove Village (IL): American Academy of Pediatrics; 2012. p. 634–40.
Maria Pavlova, Valeri Velev, Miroslav Karageorgiev, Ekaterina Aleksandrova, Ivan N. Ivanov, Galin Kamenov, Boriana Halova, Metodi Popov, Dancho Pentchev, Maria Dinkova, Atanas Mangarov, Todor Kantardjiev. Investigation of Salmonella enteritidis
outbreak in four kindergartens. Le Infezioni in Medicina, 2018, issue No 4, volume 26, pp. 316-320.
М. Pavlova, E. Alexandrova, Y. Kalchev, V.Velev, M. Murdjeva T. Kantardjiev. A study of paratyphoid fever in Bulgarian children. 2020. Acta Medica. In Press.
Gonera E. [Salmonellosis in Poland in 2001]. Przeglad Epidemiologiczny. 2003; 57(1):67-76.
APA GRAHAM, STEPHEN M. FRACP; et. Al. Nontyphoidal Salmonella infections of children in tropical Africa, The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal: December 2000 - Volume 19 - Issue 12 - p 1189-1196
Godfred Acheampong, Michael Owusu, et. Al. Chromosomal and plasmid-mediated fluoroquinolone resistance in human Salmonella enterica infection in Ghana. BMC Infect Dis. 2019; 19: 898. Published online 2019 Oct 28. DOI: 10.1186/s12879-019-4522-1Siddharth Sarkar and Sudhir Kumar Khandelwal. Ofloxacin Induced Hypomania
Ke Shang, Bai Wei, Min Kang. Distribution and dissemination of antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella in broiler farms with or without enrofloxacin use BMC Vet Res. 2018; 14: 257. Published online 2018 Aug 30. DOI: 10.1186/s12917-018-1590-1
H.V. Murugkar, H. Rahman, Ashok Kumar & D. Bhattacharyya. Isolation, phage typing & antibiogram of Salmonella from man & animals in northeastern India. Indian J Med Res 122, September 2005, pp 237-242
JOINT ECDC-EFSA RAPID OUTBREAK ASSESSMENT. Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections linked to eggs. Third update 6 February 2020.
WHO | Salmonellosis Skip to main content Access Home Alt+0 Navigation Alt+1 Content Alt+2 ... outbreak news Salmonellosis Disease outbreak news - 2016 Outbreak of Salmonella Agona infections ... linked to internationally distributed infant formula France 22 December 2017 Salmonellosis - United https://www.who.int/csr/don/archive/disease/salmonellosis/en/ - 67k
Herman Goossens, Matus Ferech, et.al. Outpatient antibiotic use in Europe and association with resistance: a cross-national database study. The Lancet. VOL 365, ISSUE 9459, P579-587, FEBRUARY 12, 2005. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(05)17907-0
Jadwiga Wojkowska-Mach, Brian Godman, Amanda Glassman, et.al. Antibiotic consumption and antimicrobial resistance in Poland; findings and implications. Wojkowska-Mach et al. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control (2018) 7:136